BDA Cycle: Instructional Coaching Foundation


The Before-During-After (BDA) cycle is the process used by the Instructional Coach to support a teacher. The BDA process is the foundation of all types of Instructional Coaching support. The three components of the BDA are:

  1. A "Before" meeting: The QCSD K-12 Instructional Coach and "coachee" meet to discuss concerns and determine the focus on the data collection.
  2. A "During" meeeting: The QCSD K-12 Instructional Coach returns to view a lesson looking for evidence to support the pre-determined concern and begin data collection and observation.
  3. An "After" meeting: The QCSD K-12 Instructional Coach returns to the coachee one-on-one to reflect on the lesson using the observations made during the lesson by discussing and unpacking the data.

The BEFORE session can be short if the coachee knows exactly what the coach should look for, or it can be a longer discussion between the coach and coachee to help identify areas to watch.

Once a concern has been identified in the AFTER discussion, the coachee and coach work together to create a plan which will be the start of the subsequent BDA cycle. The intention is that the coach is invited back once again to view continued success and explore new areas of pedagogical promising practice.

BDA sessions are confidential and driven by the participant, not the coach. The K12 Instructional Coach's role is to support the inquiry and discovery of practices towards growth in teaching.

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